Types of Solar Modules

There are number of different types of solar panel. Nowadays only 3 are put to use:-

Amorphous thin film

Amorphous cells are manufactured by placing a thin film of amorphous (non crystalline) silicon onto a wide choice of surfaces. These are the least efficient and least expensive to produce of the three types. Due to the amorphous nature of the thin layer, it is flexible, and the whole solar panel can be made flexible.

One characteristic of amorphous solar cells is that their power output reduces over time, particularly during the first few months, after which time they are basically stable.

Polycrystalline

Polycrystalline (or Multicrystalline) cells are effectively a slice cut from a block of silicon, consisting of a large number of crystals.

They have a speckled reflective appearance and again you can you see the thickness of the slice.

These cells are slightly less efficient and slightly less expensive than monocrystalline cells.

Monocrystalline

The solar cells in monocrystalline panels are slices cut from pure drawn crystalline silicon bars. The entire cell is aligned in one direction, which means that when the sun is shining brightly on them at the correct angle, they are extremely efficient. So, these panels work best in bright sunshine with the sun shining directly on them
Right now, these are the most efficient. In other words, when sunlight hits these panels, most of it turns into electricity than the other types. As a result of their high silicon content, they’re also more expensive, but you need fewer of them. That’s why they’re ideal for roofs.